When it comes to infertility in couples, about 50 percent of the cases are attributed to a male issue. Male infertility could be the result of various factors and medical conditions. A low sperm count (oligospermia) is a common cause of male infertility but it certainly isn’t the only one.
If you’ve found yourself incapable of getting a partner pregnant after more than one year of unprotected intercourse, you may be experiencing a problem. A few simple tests will be sufficient to identify the issue.
Oligospermia And Other Sperm Problems
Oligospermia is a condition characterized by a low sperm count. It comes with varying degrees of severity. Men who suffer from mild oligospermia may not even know that they’re dealing with the issue because most of the time, they’ll be capable of getting a partner pregnant.
Oligospermia is just one of the conditions linked to sperm problems. Azoospermia is another common issue. Azoospermia In this case, the semen will feature no sperm cells whatsoever. While this is a serious issue, it affects solely about one percent of the male population.
Teratospermia is a third condition under the same umbrella. The sperm in this case is present but it has abnormal morphology. Asthenozoospermia refers to reduced motility of the sperm cells. If the condition is complete asthenozoospermia, then 100 percent of the sperm cells are immotile.
There are a few other similar conditions worth mentioning. Hypospermia refers to a low ejaculate volume. Necrospermia is a condition in which the percentage of live sperm cells in the semen is very low. The condition isn’t particularly common but just like all the others, it can be identified through simple sperm analysis.
Urologists will first check for these problems prior to moving on to other popular causes of male infertility. An issue with sperm quality, quantity or semen volume is usually the most common one that will contribute to infertility in guys.
This problem is connected to the previous one already mentioned. In fact, varicocele could contribute to oligospermia and other sperm abnormalities.
Varicocele refers to the abnormal enlargement of blood vessels in the scrotum. The problem is quite similar to varicose veins and it happens to be rather common. Approximately 15 percent of all men will experience some degree of varicocele during their lifetime.
Nearly 35 percent of the men experiencing primary infertility will be diagnosed with varicocele. Almost 80 percent of the secondary infertility cases will feature a varicocele diagnosis, as well.
Varicocele will be easy to diagnose through a medical examination. Your urologist will then determine what the best treatment is going to be. Varicocelectomy is the removal of the enlarged vein. In some instances, varicocele that’s diagnosed early will be relatively easy to treat with medications.
Surgery will be required solely if a man is trying for a child and is incapable of getting a partner pregnant. Otherwise, the enlarged vein isn’t dangerous and it’s not going to be linked to health complications.
Even if everything’s fine with a man’s sperm count, there could still be an issue contributing to infertility. A difficulty ejaculating will make a natural pregnancy quite difficult.
A blockage of the ejaculatory duct or retrograde ejaculation aren’t very common but they may still occur. In retrograde ejaculation, semen will enter the bladder instead of leaving the body.
Little to no ejaculate after orgasm could be indicative of an ejaculatory problem. Men who have delayed ejaculation will also need prolonged intercourse to climax. Some of them aren’t going to climax at all, regardless of the intensity of sexual stimulation.
If an obstruction is present, urologists will recommend surgeries to deal with the blockage. Finding a solution for retrograde or delayed ejaculation, however, will be a bit more difficult.
Even if such an issue is present, there are still possibilities. The collection of sperm for in vitro fertilization is a viable option. In fact, men who suffer from retrograde or delayed ejaculation will experience relatively high success rates with assisted reproduction procedures.
Production Of Anti-Sperm Antibodies
It’s possible for your body to see your own sperm as a pathogen, which is why it’s going to attack it. In this instance, antibodies will be formed and the immune system will destroy the sperm cells.
What’s even weirder, it’s possible for a woman’s body to recognize sperm as a pathogen. In this instance, her immune system will attack the sperm cells through the formation of anti-sperm antibodies.
Unfortunately, this condition isn’t characterized by any symptoms. You may suspect that something’s wrong if you can’t get a partner pregnant. When this happens, a fertility specialist will have to run tests to figure out whether an autoimmune issue is to blame.
This problem doesn’t come with easy treatments and solutions. In vitro fertilization is the best possibility for couples experiencing such problems, whether the anti-sperm antibodies are formed by the body of the man or the woman.
On some instances, a treatment with medications may be recommended to suppress the overactive immune system. Such a treatment, however, isn’t approved by most physicians because patients may experience side effects.
The final category of issues contributing to male infertility is an endocrine one. Hormones regulate the functioning of the reproductive system. Any hormonal imbalance in the body could make it impossible for the body to produce healthy sperm cells capable of fertilizing an egg.
Pituitary tumors that interfere with the production of testosterone are a common endocrine factor that may lead to infertility. Men who abuse anabolic steroids are also likely to experience severe hormonal imbalances that will lead to infertility.
A doctor will check testosterone, FSH and LH levels. These simple blood tests will be sufficient to find out whether hormone levels are within the normal range.
Addressing the primary cause of the endocrine problem is the safest bet when it comes to restoring healthy hormone levels.
What To Do About Infertility?
There are many things you can do to address infertility. Prior to opting for a natural treatment or a lifestyle change, however, you’ll need to talk to a fertility expert about it.
Remember that quite often, infertility is a symptom of another problem rather than a medical condition in itself. Figuring out what the primary cause is and addressing this ailment could potentially lead to fertility restoration.
Apart from undergoing a medical treatment, you may also consider lifestyle changes. Stop smoking cigarettes, if you haven’t accomplished the goal already. Work out more frequently and get your weight within a healthy range. Consider taking a natural supplement that could potentially enhance spermatogenesis. You can find out a bit more about such natural supplements here. Finally, maintain a positive attitude. Deal with stress in an effective way and enjoy sex with your partner. You have options that will enable you to accomplish a pregnancy so don’t panic!