The medical name of low sperm count is oligospermia. It is a common cause of infertility in guys. If the concentration of sperm cells in semen isn’t high enough, it gets really difficult for egg fertilization to take place.
Both medical conditions and lifestyle factors could contribute to oligospermia. Here are a few of the most common issues that could lead to the fertility problem.
#1 Cigarette Smoking
If you are trying to get a partner pregnant, the time may be right to attempt quitting cigarettes. Tobacco contains an array of toxins and chemicals that interfere with both male and female infertility. Guys who have a low sperm count may attribute the issue to the bad habit.
Apart from decreasing the sperm count, tobacco could also lead to a loss of sperm cell motility. Sperm abnormalities are also a common consequence of smoking.
The good news is that quitting can quickly contribute to changes. New sperm cells are formed within a three-month period. Thus, quitting smoking and opting for male fertility supplements may contribute to an improvement within three months.
In order to survive, sperm cells need a moderate temperature. This is one of the reasons why the testicles are located outside the body. If they’re inside the body, the temperature would be too high for sperm cells to survive.
A habit of enjoying frequent hot baths could be contributing to oligospermia in guys. This sounds a bit extreme but sperm cells are really sensitive to high heat and they could be killed if you soak in an excessively steamy bathtub.
Wearing very tight underwear is another reason for a low sperm count. Tight underwear brings the testicles really close to the body. The temperature increases and sperm cells could potentially die. Opting for boxers is a much better idea, especially if you’re trying to conceive.
Here’s the first medical condition that could contribute to oligospermia.
Varicocele refers to enlarged veins in the scrotum. The condition is similar to the varicose veins that women experience on the legs, it simply affects a different part of the body.
Enlarged scrotum veins are a relatively common condition in guys. Urologists will check for varicocele first if their patients are diagnosed with oligospermia.
Depending on the severity of the condition, varicocele can be repaired either through medications or through surgery. A physician will suggest the best approach that will be minimally invasive and that will have the best possible effect on fertility.
#4 Hormone Issues
If the cause of oligospermia isn’t varicocele, urologists will have hormone levels checked. An imbalance is another common cause of low sperm count.
Testosterone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) all play a crucial role in the maturation of sperm cells. Any issue with one of those three hormones could lead to oligospermia or poor motility.
Diabetes, pituitary gland issues and testicular disorders are some of the most common causes of hormonal imbalances. If the hormone blood test delivers abnormal results, the doctor will start checking for these conditions.
An adequate treatment could lead to significant improvements.
Both viral and bacterial infections during childhood and into adult years could lead to a very low sperm count.
Infections may scar the microtubes that bring sperm cells from the testicles to the vas deferens and the urethra. Thus, the sperm cells will still be produced but they aren’t going to be present in ejaculate.
Tuberculosis, mumps and sexually transmitted infections can all lead to a low sperm count.
Men diagnosed with oligospermia will be asked about pharmaceutical products that they use. The reason is that various kinds of medications could have low sperm count as their side effect.
Cancer medications, antibiotics, antidepressants and anabolic steroids all have low sperm count as a possible side effect. Chances are that you’re not going to experience oligospermia, even if you’re taking such medications.
Still, a physician will have to figure out whether the treatment is to blame. If this is the case, you’ll be switched to other medications for your chronic condition.